Eczema

Eczema

Eczema is an inflammation of the skin. You should refrain from scratching or picking at the rash, as this can cause it to seep and eventually crust over. Eczema can arise at any age, though is much more common in children.


  • In the UK, 1 in 5 children and 1 in 12 adults have eczema
  • Topical steroids commonly used to manage eczema

Complete our short GP questionnaire to purchase treatment for Eczema online. Once approved, your order will be with you in 24 hours working hours.


5 Treatment(s) available

Hydrocortisone 1%
£15.00

  • Is referred to as topical steroid
  • Not recommended for children under 10 or pregnant females
  • Should not be used for long duration


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Eumovate Cream 0.05%
£20.00

  • Is referred to as topical steroid
  • Not recommended for children under 10 or pregnant females
  • Should not be used for long duration


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Eumovate Ointment 0.05%
£20.00

  • Not recommended for long-term use
  • It is referred to as a topical steroid
  • Not recommended for children under 12
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Description

Eczema is the term given to multiple different types of skin conditions. It predominantly refers to two main types: Atopic Eczema and Contact Dermatitis. The most common type is Atopic Eczema.


Atopic Eczema

This is a condition which causes the skin to develop a red, itchy, and irritable rash. You should refrain from scratching or picking at the rash, as this can cause it to seep and eventually crust over. Persistently doing this can result in your skin turning a much dark colour and becoming thick. Atopic Eczema is usually caused by a problem from within the body.


Contact Dermatitis

A substance from outside the body causes this. When the skin comes in contact with such substances, they cause patches of inflammation on the skin. Hence, avoid contact with substances that cause this condition.


Eczema can arise at any age, though is much more common in children. Approximately 20% of children and 8-10% of adults in the UK get affected. Eczema is a long-lasting condition and will tend to flare up from time to time. Of those who acquire the disease as children, there will only be a selected few that end up suffering long-term. Symptoms will tend to start clearing between the ages of 4-6, and the recurrent flare-ups should cease by the time the children reach their teenage years. If the disease was to continue into adult years, the symptoms should milden significantly. It is uncommon to initially develop this condition when you are already an adult.


It is imperative that, if you suffer from eczema, you look after your skin in order to keep the condition managed and minimise the number of flare-ups. There are general skin care techniques that you should get into the habit of doing such as applying moisturiser on a daily basis and avoid trigger factors for your eczema.


Causes


The exact cause of eczema still remains unknown. However, experts give a confident assumption at it being linked to the body’s immune system overreacting to an irritant which enters the body. It is this overreaction which is strongly believed to induce the symptoms of eczema. There has also been a link found in families with a history of asthma or other allergies and families with a tendency of developing eczema. All in all, when symptoms develop, it appears to be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.


Environmental factors, which can cause symptoms to arise, come in a lot of different forms. Some of these can include:


  • Clothing: Wool, etc. which may cause skin irritation
  • Allergens: Pets, pollens, mould, etc.
  • Increased stress levels
  • Certain foods: Dairy products, eggs, wheat, etc.
  • Microbes: Certain fungi and viruses.
  • Home dust mite can cause eczema
  • Irritants: Soaps, shampoos, disinfectants, etc.
  • Very high or low temperatures
  • Hormonal changes: During pregnancy, for example.


To learn more about eczema, see the comprehensive patient information leaflet

Causes

The exact cause of eczema still remains unknown. However, experts give a confident assumption at it being linked to the body’s immune system overreacting to an irritant which enters the body. It is this overreaction which is strongly believed to induce the symptoms of eczema. There has also been a link found in families with a history of asthma or other allergies and families with a tendency of developing eczema. All in all, when symptoms develop, it appears to be due to a combination of hereditary and environmental factors.


Environmental factors, which can cause symptoms to arise, come in a lot of different forms. Some of these can include:


  • Clothing: Wool, etc. which may cause skin irritation
  • Allergens: Pets, pollens, mould, etc.
  • Increased stress levels
  • Certain foods: Dairy products, eggs, wheat, etc.
  • Microbes: Certain fungi and viruses.
  • Home dust mite can cause eczema
  • Irritants: Soaps, shampoos, disinfectants, etc.
  • Very high or low temperatures
  • Hormonal changes: During pregnancy, for example.

Types Of Treatment

There is no conclusive cure for eczema that currently exists. The aim of treatment is to prevent further flaring of symptoms, as well as relieve itching and irritation, which could lead to skin damage if no medication has been administered. As the disease can make the skin become dry and itchy, creams and ointments are the most ideal (and most recommended) form of treatment as they keep the skin moisturised. Such products should be applied when the skin is already damp which makes it ideal to do so subsequent to a shower/bath. We stock 4 different branded treatments which fall into this category. They are:


  • Hydrocortisone 1% cream
  • Betnovate: in cream or ointment form
  • Dermovate: in cream or ointment form
  • Eumovate: in cream or ointment form


Topical corticosteroid creams and ointments are the only forms of treatments we provide which should effectively relieve the main symptoms. However, if these forms of treatment were to prove ineffective, you can opt towards taking systemic corticosteroids instead; you would have to arrange this with your GP/doctor. Such medicines can be either taken orally or injected, the course will be very short.


Certain antibiotics can also be used if there is an overlying bacterial skin infection. Lastly, there are several basic self-care techniques which you can undertake from your own home. These include moisturising your skin frequently, avoiding the use of harsh soap products, and remembering to apply any topical creams and ointments which you have been provided.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at alldayDr.com!


Questions & Answers

Can eczema be cured?

NO. There is currently no cure that exists which can completely cure eczema. You can, however, opt towards treatment or undertake self-care techniques (such as keeping skin cleansed) which can often reduce symptoms and keep them at bay.


Is it contagious?

Eczema is not contagious in any way. If a child becomes infected they should not be restrained from interacting with friends or other people.


If infected, where would eczema become visible?

If an infant was to become infected, they would primarily be affected in the areas which are most exposed, such as the cheeks, forehead, and chin. In children who become infected, it’d be between folds of skin where eczema would usually sprout; such areas include the elbows, hands, neck, torso and behind the knees. In adults, it is the face, neck and/or hands that will become infected.


What happens to eczema when a child grows older?

A child who suffers from eczema should generally see their infection fade after the age of seven; this is applicable to 80% of fitting cases. However, it is likely that they will still suffer from a persistently dry skin throughout their lives. It’s possible for a significantly stressful event/conflict to cause eczema to reappear in the future.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at alldayDr.com!


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