Eye Infection

Eye Infections, also known as conjunctivitus, is an infection of the thin skin on the front of the eye. Conjunctivitus often begins in one eye but quickly spreads to both eyes.


  • The eye looks red or pink
  • Eye drops available to treat condition


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Description

Lots of everyday bacteria, fungi, parasites, and viruses that often invade the human body also have the capability of being able to attack the interior or surface of the eye. Infectious eye diseases can split into two different factored categories, the part of the eye that has become infected, and what has caused the infection to occur. For instance, conjunctivitis gets its name due to it being an inflammation of the conjunctiva, which is the membrane of the inner eyelid and also the inner corner of the eye’s surface. Conjunctivitis, also commonly referred to as pink eye, would be the most popular example of an eye infection.


Blepharitis – infects the eyelid; keratitis – infects the cornea; neuroretinitis – infects the optic nerve; and vitritis – infects the inside of the eye. These are a few more examples of eye infections. There is an array of different eye infections. There are many symptoms that can be brought on when someone is experiencing an eye infection and they tend to remain fairly similar but can differ depending on the cause of inflammation. They can include:


  • Blurred vision
  • Redness and itching
  • Frequent tears & watery eyes
  • Watery discharge (viral conjunctivitis)
  • Green or white discharge (bacterial conjunctivitis)
  • Discharge that crusts over the eyelashes, usually after sleep


There are slightly different symptoms which can occur for other less-common eye infections such as keratitis (an inflammation of the cornea). These can include increased photosensitivity, swollen eyelids, constant uncontrollable blinking, etc. Certain symptoms can clearly point to the type of eye condition you have and you could receive an accurate diagnosis online. However, you always have the option of visiting a doctor who can conduct a thorough exam of your eyes, generally using a cotton swamp to take samples.


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Causes

There are many different ways a person can develop an eye infection. These means of infection can generally be broken down into four categories, which include:


  • Bacteria
  • Viruses
  • Irritants (such as dust, pollen, etc.)
  • Allergies (such as chlorine, smoke, shampoo, etc.)


Depending on how you develop your condition, you may be at risk of easily spreading your infection from person to person. You should always receive a proper diagnosis to ensure that you know that the infection you have is not a serious health risk and isn’t going to potentially affect others around you. There are many infections which can be the initial cause of infections such as conjunctivitis or keratitis, they can include:


  • Leprosy
  • Crab lice
  • Tuberculosis
  • Lyme disease
  • Acanthamoeba (a parasite)
  • Mumps, measles or shingles
  • Fungal infections such as by Candida
  • STIs like chlamydia, gonorrhoea, herpes simplex, hepatitis B, etc.


Types Of Treatment

The treatment for a vast majority of eye infection treatments simply entails cleansing the infection using methods such as cleaning your eyelids with a wet cloth. If your infection has developed due to an irritant in the eye, this route of treatment should usually clear the problem and within 3-4 hours you should see signs of improvement. In a lot of cases, there will be no requirement for the use of antibiotic eye drops or similar methods of treatment. Conjunctivitis is typically viral and is not affected by antibiotics. Viral conjunctivitis should be treated as a cold and allowed to run its course. You should take steps such as avoiding others, washing hands frequently, throwing away only recently worn contact lenses (if applicable), etc.


If it is diagnosed that your eye infection has been caused by certain bacteria, including those of STD’s such as herpes simplex virus, it will be treated with antibiotics. Such antibiotics can come in the form of capsules, eye drops, or ointments. We personally stock the following medicines which have proved to be effective in treating bacterial infections:


  • Chloramphenicol eye drops
  • Chloramphenicol ointment
  • Fucithalmic eye drops


If you are suffering from an eye infection brought on by allergies, you can ensure a speedy recovery by avoiding or removing the allergen which is causing issues. If you require medicine in the meantime, you could turn to antihistamines to provide temporary relief.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


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Questions & Answers

Who can develop conjunctivitis?

The majority of cases of conjunctivitis is seen in children, but though this is true, anyone of any age is at risk of catching the disease. It’s believed that the infection is only more widespread in children due to them coming into a lot more physical contacts with other fellow children and won’t partake in frequent hygiene habits such as handwashing.


Is conjunctivitis contagious?

Viral and bacterial forms of conjunctivitis will often be easily transferable from human to human. To ensure you prevent this as much as possible you must maintain proper hygiene habits and refrain from contact as much as you can.


What’s different between bacterial and viral conjunctivitis?

Both types of the disease have the same symptoms but differ in the way they should be treated. Bacterial conjunctivitis should generally be treated with a course of antibiotics, but a viral infection should not as antibiotics wouldn’t have an effect.


Are there any methods I can take from home to treat symptoms?

The most obvious, yet effective method is the use a damp, warm cloth to wipe your eyes; if a crust has appeared overnight, hold down the cloth for a few seconds to help remove this. Always remember to wash hands thorough prior and subsequent to doing so.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at alldayDr.com!

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