The best way to control symptoms is to completely avoid allergens that are prone to causing hay fever. This can, however, be very hard to control depending on your environmental factors. You would need to speak with a doctor and daily measures may need to be undertaken to give yourself the best chance.
The severity of the condition and symptoms can be reduced with a decreased exposure to pollens. When the count is high in the atmosphere, follow certain points:
- Keep doors and windows closed
- Stay inside the house (as much as possible)
- Avoid cutting grass and camping
- After being outdoor shower and wash your hair
- Wear wraparound sunglasses when out of the house
There are many different forms of medicine which can effectively battle the effects of hay fever, the most popular being antihistamines. All the different forms of medicine we stock for this condition are:
Antihistamines – Usually come in the form of a pill but are also available as a nasal spray or eye drops. They can help relieve symptoms of a runny nose, itching, and sneezing. They also work by blocking the chemical histamine which causes the symptoms of hay fever. We stock two different types of nasal antihistamines: fexofenadine and Xyzal.
Corticosteroids – These are steroids. They come in the form of a nasal spray or a pill depending on whether it is a nasal or oral corticosteroid. These treatments work by decreasing inflammation caused by hay fever, and in turn reducing nasal itchiness and runny nose. We stock two types of corticosteroids, Avamys and Nasonex.
Decongestants: These forms of medicines are available as either liquids, nasal sprays, or pills. They aren’t prescribed as frequently as other forms of treatment, as they run the risk of causing harm if used for more than a few days at a time. We only stock one form of decongestant, which is Otrivine.
Mast Cell Stabilisers: These types of medicines work by preventing histamine from being released by ‘mast cells’ within the body. By doing so, any allergic and inflammatory reactions by your body should be reduced significantly. We stock only one form of ‘mast cell stabiliser’, which is Opticrom.
If hay fever symptoms are not controlled with medication after 2-4 weeks, you should consult your doctor. He might change the treatment. If your course of treatments is working well, continue till the end of the pollen season.
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