Treatments for Menorrhagia (Heavy Bleeding)
Treatment for menorrhagia can depend on various factors. The doctors will check the factors before proceeding. However, the treatments would include medical therapy and surgical treatments.
Medical therapy is the medication used to treat menorrhagia. These include:
It is a medicine used to prevent excessive bleeding during heavy menstrual days. It should be consumed at the time of bleeding. Lysteda tablets contain tranexamic acid. It prevents the enzymes in the body from breaking blood clots. Hence, heavy bleeding is reduced.
Hormonal imbalance can cause heavy bleeding. Oral progestogen can correct the imbalance and reduce menorrhagia.
Hormonal Intrauterine Device (Hormonal IUD) releases levonorgestrel (a type of progestin). This reduces the thickness of the uterus lining. Hence, the blood flow decreases.
Oral contraceptives are used as birth control pills. However, they also help in reducing heavy menstrual bleeding.
Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs
These drugs prevent heavy menstrual bleeding. They also help in reducing the pain caused due to periods. Ibuprofen and naproxen sodium are a few examples of these drugs.
If medical therapies do not work, doctors recommend surgical treatments. These are:
Uterine Artery Embolization
During childbirth, uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumors) may develop. These in return cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Uterine Artery Embolization ensures the shrinkage of these fibroids in the uterus. This procedure blocks the uterine artery to restrict the blood supply.
Endometrial Ablation destroys the lining of the uterus. This is done with the help of radiofrequency, heat applied to the uterus, or laser. Endometrial ablation procedure reduces the heavy menstrual blood flow.
Endometrial Resection again destroys the lining of the uterus. This is done with the help of electrosurgical wire loop. Endometrial resection procedure reduces the heavy menstrual blood flow.
During childbirth, uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumors) may develop. These in return cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Similar to Uterine Artery Embolization, myomectomy also ensures the removal of these fibroids from the uterus.
Hysterectomy is a permanent procedure to remove the uterus and cervix. This ends the menstrual cycle.
Focused Ultrasound Surgery
During childbirth, uterine fibroids (non-cancerous tumors) may develop. These in return cause heavy or prolonged menstrual bleeding. Similar to Uterine Artery Embolization and Myomectomy, focused ultrasound surgery also ensures the removal of these fibroids from the uterus.
Dilation and Curettage
Dilation and Curettage procedure removes the lining of the uterus. The tissues are scrapped and removed. This reduces the menstrual bleeding.
Treatments for Dysmenorrhea (Severe Period Pain)
Severe pain or dysmenorrhea is caused by uterine contractions. This is a condition when your uterus becomes light and relaxes permitting the blood to leave the uterus. Special chemicals (prostaglandins) are released by the lining of the uterus. During the first couple of days of your periods, these chemicals increase the intensity of the contractions. Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs prevent this severe pain. Ibuprofen and naproxen sodium are a few examples of these drugs. Some females start suffering the pain a couple of days before the periods. If it gets severe, you can take the medicine a day before your periods start.
Hormonal treatments are to reduce the cramps caused due to menstrual periods. They include oral contraceptives, vaginal hormonal ring treatments, IUD, and other hormonal treatments.
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