Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a long term condition of the gut that causes episodes of stomach cramp, bloating, diarrhoea and/or constipation.

  • Pain and discomfort in different parts of the abdomen
  • Number of different medications can be used to help treat IBS

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Irritable Bowel Syndrome

0 treatment(s) for Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS)

DescriptionCausesTypes of treatmentQuestions and answers

Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) is a common chronic gastrointestinal disorder that directly affects the large intestine. It is non-life-threatening and won’t make you anymore probable of developing any other colon conditions such as ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, or even colon cancer. However, those who have IBS will have to learn how to manage the condition on a long-term scale and try to keep it from disrupting their day-to-day lives as much as possible. People with this disease have reported feeling less able to partake in activities and may often miss days of work or school due to this.

There are several signs and symptoms which can come with IBS, they are generally a mix of uncomfortable belly pains, erratic bowel movements, or having differently textured excrement than usual (hard, soft, liquid). You can generally control symptoms by managing factors such as your diet, lifestyle, and minimising stress.

Common symptoms associated with IBS are:

  • Pain and discomfort
  • Bloating
  • Diarrhoea or constipation
  • Nausea
  • Poor appetite
  • Backache
  • Tiredness
  • Muscle pain
  • Heartburn

There’s only a small percentage of those affected who end up developing rather severe symptoms, such as:

  • Feeling bloated
  • Excessive gassiness
  • Mucus in excrement
  • Abdominal pain or cramps
  • Alternating diarrhoea or constipation
  • Blood in the stool
  • Weight loss

The severity of symptoms that a person will experience can often change. At times they may appear serious, while during other times they may be virtually non-existent.

The exact cause of IBS remains unknown, but there are a lot of triggers which are known to induce symptoms. There are a lot of theories out there as to what causes this condition to initially occur. Some of them include:

Muscle contractions: Some believe that IBS occurs when the muscles in the bowel don’t squeeze exactly as they should, they affect the natural movement of excrement.

Infection: Others believe that if you have experienced quite a serious bout of diarrhoea which was caused by bacteria or a virus, it could cause IBS to later develop.

Inflammation: Those with IBS are at increased risk of having an increased number of immune-system cells within their intestines. If this occurs, the immune-system will generally respond by producing triggering symptoms such as pain and diarrhoea.

Bacteria: Inside the gut, there are friendly bacteria known as microflora which play a key role in keeping your health in check. It’s predicted that microflora in the system of those with IBS will act differently than it does in healthy people.

The vast majority of people who have contracted IBS are able to seek help with little to no issues. Those who are only experiencing a mild form of this condition shouldn’t need to opt towards treatment. There is an abundance of treatments available for IBS, but there are none that exist that can work for everyone. You’ll have to decide on a specific course that suits you and effectively manages the symptoms you’re facing. Treatments don’t tend to completely eradicate symptoms, but they will often ease them and improve your day-to-day life.

There are many ways in which IBS can be triggered, it could be anything from certain foods to medicines, to emotional stress, etc. It is imperative that you learn what your triggers are. You can take efforts to make lifestyle changes from home, such as managing your stress levels and changing your diet.

Some of the most important factors you should take on board are:

  • Refrain from smoking
  • Regular exercise
  • Keep your fluid levels replenished
  • Increase the amount of fibre in your diet (fruit, vegetables, etc.)
  • Limit the amount of dairy product you consume (milk, cheese, etc.)
  • Learn how to reduce stress through relaxing or getting more exercise
  • Avoid caffeine as much as possible (coffee, tea, energy drinks, etc.)


Although there are many forms of treatment for IBS, we only stock two: colpermin and mebeverine m/r, which are antispasmodic medicines. This type of medication is used specifically for treating pains in the abdominal region. We believe them to be extremely effective in treating IBS and should help to relieve the pain significantly, sometimes completely.

Sometimes, an antidepressant is also used to treat IBS. It reduces the pain.

For Constipation

Sometimes, the main symptom of IBS is constipation. You need to control this. Increase fibre intake in your food; this will help reduce constipation. If this is not enough, laxatives are advised, but for a short period. Moreover, avoid lactulose during IBS. There is another medicine known as linaclotide which also helps reducing constipation. It also prevents the pain, bloating, and other symptoms associated with constipation.

For Diarrhoea

Diarrhoea is another important symptom associated with IBS. An antidiarrhoeal medicine is required to treat this if the condition worsens. Loperamide medicine is an effective way to control diarrhoea.

For Bloating

Peppermint oil can help if you happen to suffer from bloating symptom. It also reduces abdominal pain and spasms.

If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at

Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at!

Who will most commonly get IBS?

IBS affects approximately 1 in every 5 people globally, but different organisations report varied statistics. Of these, around 75% are thought to be women. You will typically develop IBS during your teenage years or in the early stages of adulthood, but it can develop at any point in life.

What types of foods most commonly trigger IBS?

The most common foods responsible for triggering IBS are cow’s milk, green onions, red peppers, red wine and wheat. If you believe you are aren’t getting enough of a certain type of food (such as calcium if you decide to cut back on milk), consume other foods rich in calcium like broccoli, tofu, yoghurt, sardines, or even take calcium supplements.

Can IBS be a risk factor for a more serious disease?

No. There are no known long-term complications associated with IBS. You will not be at a greater risk of more frequent check-ups once you’ve received a proper diagnosis of IBS.

How does Colpermin work?

The main active ingredient in Colpermin capsules is peppermint oil. The capsules are covered in an enteric coat, which allows it to pass all the way through the stomach and upper intestine before dissolving. Once it’s reached its destination, it’ll release the peppermint oil into the bowel.

If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at

Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at!