Postmenopausal Vaginal Dryness

A normal part of ageing in females is menopause. Vaginal dryness is a common symptom of menopause. This happens when the body stops producing lubricants which moisten the vaginal area. Hence, dryness, itching, irritation, and infection can be experienced.

  • Lack of oestrogen leads to thinning of the tissues around the vagina
  • Treatments available for vaginal dryness

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Vaginal Dryness

0 treatment(s) for Postmenopausal Vaginal Dryness

DescriptionCausesTypes of treatmentQuestions and answers

Vaginal dryness can be a common concern for any woman. However, it is more likely to show its effect after menopause.

The vagina is moist with the help of the natural lubricate produced by the two glands at the neck of the cervix. This lubricant travels down the vagina to keep it clean and moist. It also removes the dead cells. The lubricant also works as an anti-infection as it slightly acidic. This keeps the vaginal area healthy and infection free. This lubricant is white in colour and every woman notices this vaginal discharge.

During sexual excitement, these glands produce extra moisture. This helps smooth sexual intercourse. However, there are many women who face vaginal dryness even during sexual intercourse resulting in painful sex. This is more common after menopause. The average age of menopause is around 50. A woman’s body experiences a lot of changes after this. The level of one of the female hormones, oestrogen, drops as the ovaries stop producing them.

This results in the decrease of the lubricant produced during sexual intercourse. Hence, the vagina remains dry. Moreover, the skin and support tissues of the vagina lose their elasticity and also become thin. This again results in vaginal dryness.


  • Mild lubricant produced
  • Painful sex
  • Thinning of the skin around the vagina
  • Increased vaginal infections
  • Light bleeding after intercourse
  • Even gentle friction during sexual intercourse can cause pain
  • Pain can cause discomfort while standing and sitting
  • Pain while urinating
  • Changes in the vagina (appearance)
  • Changes in the vaginal discharge – watery, discoloured, smelly
  • Vaginal discharge may cause irritation and a burning sensation

There are a number of factors which cause vaginal dryness.

Low Oestrogen Levels

This is the most common cause of vaginal discharge. The oestrogen levels go down when the body stops producing the hormone. This drop can be caused by:

  • Menopause or perimenopause
  • Childbirth
  • Anti-oestrogen medicines
  • Breastfeeding
  • Childbirth
  • Ovaries removal surgery
  • Certain immune disorders
  • Cancer treatments

Using Chemicals

Certain lotions, creams, soaps, and even douches can reduce the level of oestrogen. This leads to vaginal dryness.


Medicines that contain antihistamines can cause vaginal dryness. These medicines include allergy, cold, and asthma medicines. Certain antidepressants also reduce the production of the lubricant.

Mental State

Anxiety and stress can lower your sexual desires. This in return can lead to vaginal discharge.


Small tablets, rings, and creams are available as ‘local oestrogen’. They can be inserted into the vagina with an applicator.


Use creams and moisturizers to treat skin reaction. This will keep the vagina moist. During intercourse, use of water-soluble vaginal lubricants can avoid dryness. Avoid using perfumed soap and other chemical-lotions around the sensitive parts of the vagina.

Dietary Supplements

Vitamin E, Vitamin D, and Maca are supplements which can help reduce vaginal dryness. Vitamin E increases the blood supply to the vaginal walls. Vitamin D reduces the vaginal pH keeping in control the dryness. Maca increases the estradiol levels.

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What is vaginal dryness?

When the vaginal area turns dry and losses its moisture it is known as vaginal dryness.

Can vaginal dryness be treated?

Vaginal dryness is a very uncomfortable condition but it is curable.

When does a woman suffer from vaginal dryness?

Usually, older women (post-menopause) suffer from this common condition, but it can happen to females of any age.

What causes vaginal dryness?

The decreased level of one of the hormones, oestrogen, in the female body, causes dryness in the vagina.

How can vaginal dryness affect my sex life?

Vaginal dryness reduces the lubricant which moistens the vaginal area. Hence, you would experience a painful sexual intercourse. Even slight friction can cause severe pain. This can lead to infection as well.

When should a female consult a doctor about vaginal dryness?

As soon as the symptoms are visible, you should contact a doctor.

If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at

Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at!