Vaginal Thrush/Candida

Vaginal thrush is a vaginal infection caused by a yeast germ known as candida. Any female under the age of 60 can be affected by this infection. However, the germ is completely harmless causing no serious problems. Thrush is also not considered as a sexually transmitted infection.


  • Caused by an overgrowth of yeast known as Candida
  • Mostly affects women of reproductive age


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Thrush

0 treatment(s) for Vaginal Thrush/Candida

DescriptionCausesTypes of treatmentQuestions and answers

Vaginal thrush is a very common yeast infection (candida) that affects the genitals and the surrounding area. Usually, such infection develops in moist and warm areas of the body, such as the vagina or mouth. A vaginal yeast infection, which can also be referred to as vaginal candidiasis, affects approximately 75% of women at a point in their lifetimes; and will often occur more than once. Candida typically lives on the skin, in the mouth, gut, and vagina but cause absolutely no harm as they are kept at bay by harmless bacteria. However, sometimes they multiply and a few symptoms are visible.


A vaginal yeast infection is not a sexually transmitted infection (STI), but the fungus can spread through the mouth to genital contact. Medications are available which can effectively tackle the condition.


Vaginal yeast infections are caused by the fungus candida. More specifically, the Candida Albicans species is the type that is responsible for causing approximately 80-90% of all cases of vaginal yeast infections. Your vagina will naturally produce a balanced level of bacteria and yeast which keep the candida in check. When this balance becomes disturbed and candida begins to multiply at an uncontrollable rate, yeast infections can develop. This disruption can happen if you suddenly become ill or excessively stressed. However, some other causes are also noted.


  • Pregnancy
  • Uncontrolled diabetes
  • Having an impaired immune system
  • Antibiotic or corticosteroid use, or both
  • Using oral contraceptives or hormone therapy


A yeast infection will differ in severity from person to person and from very mild to moderate. The symptoms a person will typically tend to experience include:


  • A rash on the vagina
  • Watery vaginal discharge
  • Vaginal pain and/or soreness
  • Itching, burning, or irritating sensation in the opening of the vagina (vulva)
  • A thick, white, odourless vaginal discharge that can resemble cottage cheese
  • Burning sensation in vagina, which is usually felt while urinating or during intercourse


Some women suffer from a more complicated yeast infection, which can show severe symptoms. A sign of this can be a person experiencing 4 or more infections in a year. Symptoms are typically the same but far more severe. Skin fissures or sores can sometimes develop which would point to a case of a more complicated yeast infection. 


If you are only suffering from mild to moderate symptoms, you will usually be prescribed a short course of treatment. Antifungal medications are the default choice and can come in the form of creams, pessaries, and tablets. The average course of treatment will last only 1-3 days. The medicine can be purchased over-the-counter or prescribed by a registered GP. Different forms of treatment can be more convenient than others, but all of them share pretty much the same effectivity rate. The forms of medicines that are provided to treat vaginal thrush, and also the types that we stock, include:


Creams

Creams are typically used alongside as pessary or tablet medication when the patient has symptoms of redness/soreness around the vagina and/or vulva. We stock Canesten cream and Gyno-Pevaryl cream.


Pessaries

For some, pessaries can be awkward and sometimes messy to use. They can also cause irritation but tend to have a much smaller potential for side effects when compared to tablets. It is advised that, when pregnant, you apply pessary by hand instead of using the provided applicator. There is a risk of damaging the cervix if followed. We stock Canesten pessaries and Gyno-Pevaryl pessaries.


Tablets

Fluconazole will typically be prescribed as an oral treatment for vaginal thrush. They have high effectivity and sometimes a person will only require a single tablet to successfully cure their current bout of thrush. Side effects are not common but are more common in comparison to the other 2 forms of treatment. Tablets will tend to not be prescribed to women who are pregnant or currently breastfeeding as it is believed there is a chance of it causing harm to the baby. We stock fluconazole capsules and gynoxin capsules.

If a certain treatment proves to be ineffective, you may be prescribed an alternate course of medicine. The treatments we offer are highly effective.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at alldayDr.com!

Can thrush appear in other parts of the body?


YES. Thrush can appear literally anywhere in the body. However, the most common areas are the vagina, mouth, and on the skin and nails. There have even been reported cases of a thrush infection developing in the lungs as well.

Can men develop thrush?


Thrush is more prevalent in women but can affect men too. Symptoms for males include a possibly smelly discharge, a tighter foreskin, and either red or white patches that appear on the penis and can sometimes cause irritation/itching. Such symptoms can also be a sign of other conditions potentially more harmful than thrush, so a male experiencing symptoms of that nature should hastily visit their GP or a sexual health clinic. The treatment process is typically the same as for women, such as the same creams and tablets.


How can you take steps to preventing vaginal thrush?

In some cases, a vaginal yeast infection will not be able to be prevented, but there are steps you can take to reduce the overall likeliness of it happening. Such methods include:


  1. Stay clear of feminine hygiene sprays
  2. Changing your underwear more frequently
  3. Wear loose, soft (cotton, silk, etc.) underwear
  4. Eat yogurt containing active bacterial cultures that replenish healthy bacteria


Are there any long-term complications related to vaginal thrush?

NO. A vaginal yeast infection shouldn’t lead to any long-term issues. However, some women will be affected by recurring bouts of vaginal thrush which can cause them to feel depressed and can interfere with their sex life. Approximately 5% of all women will experience this issue; seek further help by speaking to your GP if you are affected.



If you are looking for some expert help, book an ONLINE consultation with our GMC Registered Clinicians at alldayDr.com.


Patient discretion and confidentiality top the priority list at alldayDr.com!